Historical Overview

This covers the Danes during the Dano-Swedish war of 1657-60 and the Scanian War

The Dano-Swedish War was a conflict between Sweden and Denmark–Norway during the Second Northern War. In 1657, Charles X of Sweden and his Swedish army were bogged down in Poland. Frederick III saw this as an opportunity to recover the territories lost in 1645 and attacked Sweden. The outbreak of war with Denmark provided Charles with an excuse to withdraw from the Polish campaign and move against Denmark.

A harsh winter had forced the Dano-Norwegian fleet into port, and frozen the straits Great Belt and Little Belt. After entering Jutland from the south, a Swedish army of 7,000 battle-hardened veterans marched across the icy Little Belt onto the Danish island of Funen on 30 January 1658. The Swedes captured the island of Funen within a few days and continued to Zealand, threatening the Danish capital of Copenhagen. The rapid Swedish attack across the frozen Belts was completely unexpected; Frederick III considered meeting the Swedish army in battle, but his advisors thought this was too risky and instead Denmark signed the very harsh Treaty of Roskilde on 26 February 1658. After this treaty the main Swedish army again attacked Korsør on Zealand on 17 July 1658, threatening Copenhagen. No-one had anticipated the possibility of such a sudden and brutal attack, and everyone knew that the Danish capital was very inadequately fortified and garrisoned. But the government and the people displayed a memorable and exemplary energy under the constant supervision of the king and queen and mayor Nansen. By the beginning of September, all the breaches were repaired, the walls bristled with cannons, and 7,000 men were under arms. Charles X, abandoning his original intention of carrying the place by assault, began a regular siege, which he later gave up on.

The Scanian War happened later and was fought mainly on Scanian soil, in the former Danish provinces along the border with Sweden and in Northern Germany.

The war was prompted by the Swedish involvement in the Franco-Dutch War. Sweden had allied with France against several European countries. The United Provinces, under attack by France, sought support from Denmark-Norway. After some hesitation, King Christian V started the invasion of the Scania (Skåneland) in 1675, while the Swedish were occupied with a war against Brandenburg. The invasion of Scania was combined with a simultaneous Norwegian front called the Gyldenløve War, forcing the defending Swedes to fight a two-front war in addition to their entanglements in the Holy Roman Empire.

The Danish objective was to retrieve the Scanian lands that had been ceded to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde, after the Northern Wars. Although the Danish offensive was initially a great success, Swedish counter-offensives led by the 19-year-old Charles XI of Sweden nullified much of the gain.

It was a war with no definite victor; the Swedish navy lost at sea, the Danish army was defeated in Scania by the Swedes, who in turn were defeated in Northern Germany by the Brandenburgers. The war and the hostilities ended when Denmark's ally the United Provinces settled with Sweden's ally France and the Swedish king Charles XI married Danish princess Ulrike Eleonora, sister of Christian V.



  • This is a line of solid shooty foot with bayonets and little guns.



900AP used at BHGS Doubles 2014
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Average
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Average
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Average
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Superior
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Average
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Average
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Little Gun Superior
  • 6 MF Bayonet Musket Average
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 4 Unarmoured Average Pistol Pistol Determined Horse
  • 2 Heavy Guns
  • 2 Average medium Guns
  • 2 Superior Determined Horse
  • 2 TCs
  • Great Commander

  • Unit 2
  • Unit 3
  • You get the idea..



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Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday October 25, 2014 19:38:35 BST by admin. (Version 1)

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